What is sodium?
Know what are the consequences of consuming it improperly.
Sodium is an essential mineral for maintaining fluid balance in the body. You will know that salt is one of the main sources of sodium, and that the human body needs less than 500mg of sodium a day, that is, less than ¼ teaspoon.
Sodium is present in all foods packed in cans and plastic, it is also present in fruit juices and soft drinks. To give you an idea, a product cannot have more than 140mg of sodium in adults and for a child, no more than 35mg.
For example; Chinese soups sold in supermarkets have 1060mg of sodium and there are brands that contain more. This for anyone is deadly, because consuming only this soup a day doubles the amount of sodium you can eat. A can of good brand low sodium ham contains 800mg and a non-low sodium can contains 1000mg, which is a very high amount.
Excess sodium in our diet is closely linked to the development of various diseases, such as:
- Heart failure and heart attacks. The excess in sodium has adverse effects on the heart muscle, which worsens the functioning of the heart, promoting diseases such as heart attacks or heart failure; when the heart is unable to pump the necessary blood for the body.
- It hinders the function of the kidneys. The renal system is essential for health, as it carries out filtering and purification of the blood. This function is impaired by the increase in salt, it is also an important factor that predisposes the formation of kidney stones.
- Liquid retention. This occurs when there is an imbalance between the elements that regulate its passage. One factor that can cause it is salt intake.
- Gastric diseases. The excessive consumption of salt is related to some gastric disorders; for example, the stimulation of the action of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.
- Cerebrovascular accidents. Such as brain hemorrhages from embolisms